Bison Courier, December 26, 2013

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Bison Courier
Official Newspaper for the City of Bison, Perkins County, and the Bison School District
A Publication of Ravellette Publications, Inc.
P.O. Box 429 • Bison, South Dakota 57620-0429
Phone: (605) 244-7199 • FAX (605) 244-7198
Volume 31
Number 28
December 26, 2013
Includes Tax
Highlights &
New Years Eve Dance at the
Moreau River Hall on December
27, 2013 6 p.m. Music provided by
Emily Jerde. There will be a
$2.00 cover charge with all pro-
ceeds going to the Moreau River
Hall to cover building up keep
and expenses. Please bring a
potluck dish and come join the
The Bison Town Board met De-
cember 11, 2013 to cover a short
Virginia Green presented a
small business health insurance
plan to Board members. Small
businesses can receive a tax cut
by having a group insurance plan
in 2014. The Town of bison is a
government entity and wouldn’t
qualify for the tax break.
City foreman, Heath McK-
instry has met with a FEMA rep-
resentative, clean-up is near
completion. FEMA will cover 85%
of the cost of tree hauling for all
the branches that were hauled to
the park and then to the dump
after the October 4 blizzard.
FEMA will also help with pur-
chasing a chain saw for future
clean-up. Branches that are
hanging loose need to be taken
care of.
Kelly Serr presented a Pre Dis-
aster mitigation Plan, Bison is el-
igible for the PDM plan under
Perkins County. This allows
Bison to be eligible for FEMA
grants (75/25). It does not cost the
Town of Bison anything, it brings
Bison in line with all the FEMA
regulations. Board members took
action to join the PDM through
Perkins County.
Rob Wedekind has been hired
as a full-time Town of Bison em-
•The contaminated soil can be
hauled to the landfill.
•Fire hydrants have all been
•The lagoon is in need of
sludge removal.
•There need to be some main-
tenance done on a couple of light
poles along Highway 20.
The Town Board met December
18th to take care of year end busi-
Bob Drown is working on a
Community Forestry Grant to get
some 6 - 8 foot trees to replace
trees that were destroyed in the
October 4th blizzard.
Water rates for the Town of
Bison may show a slight increase
in 2014.
Town Board prepares for 2014
Maddie Hulm, Jayda Seim, Emery Lensegrav and Jessica Stockert decorate cookies.
School Christmas fun decorating cookies
By Beth Hulm
The engineering that Perkins
County commissioners approved
last week for Railway Street, as it
leaves Lemmon and heads to the
North Dakota border, is about
$55,000. Construction for that
three-quarters mile of road is esti-
mated to somewhere between
$600,000 and $700,00.
The courthouse in Bison is open
each weekday morning at 7:30. It
remains open during noon hours
and closes at 5:00 p.m. every Mon-
day through Thursday but closes at
noon on Fridays.
Correction to last weekʼs
Perkins County
Commissioners story
Once again Board members
considered the possibility of en-
tering into a contract with North
West Area Schools(NWAS) to
bring trade units to the Bison
School. The units could not be
placed in the quonset owned by
the school because they would not
fit. Also fire safety would be a
concern if a unit was placed in
the quonset building. Business
Manager Bonnie Crow did some
research concerning past usage of
these kind of units at the school.
In July of 1985 the school with-
drew from the units due to fi-
nances and scheduling conflicts.
Crow also asked the school’s au-
ditor if it would be feasible for the
school to pay $80,000 per year for
these units. The auditor thought
the school could afford such an
expense for only three years be-
cause of the revenue the school
has and could expect to receive.
Superintendent Azevedo won-
dered if enough students would
sign up for the trade units to jus-
tify the cost of $80,000. NWAS
would like Bison School to sign a
two year contract commitment. “I
want the program,” commented
Board Member Eric Arneson,
“and I’m concerned that there is
not an Industrial Arts program
now.” With the possibility of
building a new school or renovat-
ing the present school plus hiring
a Guidance Counselor for the
next school year the board’s con-
census was to wait another year
before making a decision on this
Mrs Katleen Engle of New Cas-
tle, Wyoming, was also a visitor
in the board room to report on the
induction program now in
progress at the school. South
Dakota along with 45 other
states, are now incorporating
Common Core Federal Standards
into the schools. “The standards
are very similar to the South
Dakota standards already in
place,” remarked Azevedo. Engle
said that the new standards
teach students critical thinking,
how to analyze and be creative
bringing more depth to their
learning. Engle is also helping
teachers who have less than five
years teaching experience in the
district to become proficient
teachers. “Wonderful things have
happened in a short time,” she
said. “Good teachers learn from
other teachers.” Kids must be
taught to be accountable for their
learning also. How teachers
model education is also very im-
portant. Each board member re-
ceived a complete report of the
work done to read. She concluded
by thanking the board for their
participation in the program.
Two more contracts were ap-
proved. Brent Roth was hired to
coach 7th and 8th grade boys bas-
ketball and Brad Burkhalter was
hired to be the Assistant High
School boys basketball coach.
After reading the High School
Handbook, Chairman Dan Kvale
noted that the attendance policy
is not clear and needs to be clari-
fied. According to the present pol-
icy students can miss nine days a
semester but does not explain
what the reasons can be. When
do students fail a class because
they are gone too many days and
don’t get the work for the class
done? Other schools have definite
guidelines on this question,
Azevedo offered to gather some
sample policies on this issue and
will report about it at the next
Board members also heard the
first reading of the facility use
agreement, chaperoned guide-
lines and the code of ethics agree-
ments. After a second reading is
continued on page 2
School Board undecided about
entering agreement with NWAS
Church services at Christ Lutheran
on Christmas Eve 6:30 p.m. (services & pro-
Alcoholics Anonymous is meeting weekly in Bison.
The group meets every Thursday at 7:00 p.m. in the
basement of the Presbyterian Church. Everyone is wel-
To have your NON-PROFIT meeting listed here, please
submit them by calling: 244-7199, or e-mailing to:
courier@sdplains.com. We will run your event notice the
two issues prior to your event at no charge.
in Bison
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2 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
Nutrition Site
Thursday, December 26
whole wheat crackers
jello w/pears
Friday, December 27
Roast turkey
mashed potatoes w/gravy
cranberry sauce
Monday, December 30
ham & potato omelet
green beans
cinnamon rolls
tropical fruit
Tuesday, December 31
Swiss steak w/tomato & onion
baked potato
oriental vegetables
Wednesday, January 1
New Years Day
heard these agreements will be
placed in the policy handbook.
Azevedo reported on the safety
committee. Training for teachers in
this area is now being set up.
The handbook committee is now
halfway through the High School
handbook as they study it and make
some needed suggestions to get it up-
dated. “Participation from the faculty
is very good,” added Azevedo.
It is soon time for the superintend-
ent evaluation. Board members re-
ceived forms to fill out and return to
Kvale at the next meeting. Kvale will
compile them for discussion when the
superintendent is evaluated by the
Repairs are needed on the oil burn-
ing furnace located in the elementary
building. Action Mechanical of Rapid
City came to the school to determine
what needs to be done to get the fur-
nace in good working order and
quoted a price of $16,258 to fix it. The
auger for the coal furnace is not work-
ing now so the janitors have to shovel
coal by hand to keep coal in the fur-
nace. The oil burning furnace is the
back-up heat so it needs to be work-
ing. By unanimous vote the Board
gave the go ahead to repair the oil
TSP Architecture Firm of Rapid
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City wants to be informed about the
school’s future educational goals if the
present school is renovated or a new
school is built. They want to know
about the size of classrooms, review of
curriculum and future plans because
the board members need to know
what they want. “People must know
what it will cost,” added board mem-
ber Marcie Kari. At a board retreat
meeting on January 16 at 6 p.m. the
board will “tackle” all these decisions
concerning the possibility of a new
school. The board believes it is not
necessary for TSP to make these de-
cisions for an amount of $10,000.
The lease for the Bentley Building
with the Fair Board was also dis-
cussed. This building is used for girls
and boys basketball practice. Kari ex-
pressed concern that the school up-
hold their lease agreement by
cleaning the bathrooms and floors
just as the agreement states. By
unanimous agreement the lease was
In other business: a home school
application was approved. A set of
world Book Encyclopedias was de-
clared to be surplus. The amount of
$3000 or less will be awarded to the
school from FEMA for tree damage
caused by the Atlas October blizzard.
School Board continued from page 1
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 3
or medical set back. Every penny
donated comes from WRCTC
members rounding up their
monthly telephone bills to the
nearest dollar. Since the pro-
gram’s implementation in 1998
$61,160 has been given to mem-
Committee members are: Col-
lette Wheeler, Lemmon; Stacie
Morell, Vale; Deb Steele, Newell;
Monica Thompson, Buffalo;
Penny Lemburg, Bison and Emily
Kling, Lemmon.
Grand Electric Round-Up recipi-
ents, receiving $500 each were:
Terisa Thompson, accepting the
check on behalf of her infant son
Brady, Buffalo Norman Delbridge,
Nolan Seim, Shadehill Doug But-
ler, Lemmon
Lola Hedstrom, Bison Every six
months the Round Committee con-
sisting of Grand Electric members,
meets via a conference call to sub-
mit names of individuals who have
suffered a hardship or medical set
back. Every penny donated comes
from Grand Electric members
rounding up their monthly electric
bills to the nearest dollar. Since the
program’s implementation in 1998
$44,200 has been given to mem-
Committee members are:
Michelle Ploog-Boyles, Shadehill;
Donna Cammack, Stoneville;
Denise Kalisiak, Ludlow; Sarah
Juergens, Bison and Julie Foster,
Grand Electric/WRCTC disperse Round-Up checks to members
Allen Morris, Bison (pictured with Director Greg Fried)
Holly Waddell, Shadehill (pictured with Director Greg Fried)
Those receiving $500 each from
West River Cooperative Tele-
phone Company were:
Scott & Shannon Dirk, Vale
Gilbert Wood, Newell Ka t hy
Edwards, Vale Anita Kling,
Lemmon ( pictured with Director
DeJon Bakken)
Ron Cornelius, Lemmon
Every six months the Round
Committee consisting of WRCTC
members, meets via a conference
call to submit names of individu-
als who have suffered a hardship
Virginia Green, Bison (pictured with Director Lori Besler)
Dave Lensegrav, Meadow (pictured with Director Lori Besler)
Nacho Popcorn
1/2 cup butter, melted
1 teaspoon crushed red
1 teaspoon ground cumin
1 teaspoon paprika
1 gallon popped popcorn
1/2 cup shredded
Cheddar cheese
In a small bowl, mix
together butter, crushed
red pepper, cumin and
Place popcorn in a large
bowl. Sprinkle with the
butter mixture and
Cheddar cheese. Toss
until well mixed.
4 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
by Representative Kristi Noem
It’s hard to meet a South
Dakotan who isn’t in some way
tied to agriculture. That’s not in-
credibly surprising when you con-
sider that the industry contributes
$21 billion to our state economy
each year.
That contribution is important.
An economist for the state Bureau
of Finance and Management re-
cently argued that agriculture
helped South Dakota weather the
economic recession better than al-
most any state in the nation. So,
when Congress starts talking
about a farm bill that will set the
legislative landscape for our num-
ber one industry as well as ad-
dress food policy, forestry policy
and much, much more, we know
we’re talking about a bill that will
impact every South Dakotan’s life.
Over the last few weeks, Con-
gress has made significant
progress on the Farm Bill and we
are on track to pass a full, five-
year bill in the early part of next
year. We have come to a prelimi-
nary agreement on the framework
of that bill and the negotiators
know what reforms they’d like to
make. Now, it is a matter of mak-
ing sure all the numbers add up.
To do that, the draft framework
was sent to the nonpartisan Con-
gressional Budget Office, which
has provided estimates on how
much farm bill provisions will cost
as well as the savings produced by
the included reforms. With these
numbers in hand, the lead nego-
tiators can now make adjustments
to ensure all the numbers work
out so that we can finally finalize
the bill. It will take a few weeks
for legal counsel and budget ex-
perts to review the legislation and
make sure it is ready to become
law, but we’re on track to finalize
a full, five-year farm bill in the
early part of 2014.
Like many reading this column
today, I am frustrated with the
speed of the process, but we’re
making progress and many of the
provisions that are important to
South Dakota are remaining in-
For instance, the proposed
framework ensures supplemental
crop insurance programs are mar-
ket oriented. In other words, the
proposal is written so that govern-
ment policies don’t sway produc-
ers’ planting decisions.
We’ve also made some meaning-
ful reforms to the food stamp pro-
visions that will help uphold the
integrity of the program while
making sure those families who
need support get the help they
Additionally, the preliminary
agreement includes support for
livestock disaster programs that
will help those in western South
Dakota who suffered catastrophic
livestock losses earlier this year.
I know how important this leg-
islation is to South Dakota. It im-
pacts every single one of our
families in some way or another.
We are making progress and a
five-year farm bill is fully in our
sights. I’m ready to bring this bill
Time to bring home the
Farm Bill
Who needs to be certified or re-
certified as a Private Pesticide Ap-
plicator? If you plan to apply any
pesticides to produce an agricul-
tural commodity worth $1,000 or
more to land that you or your em-
ployer rents or owns, you need to be
certified. It does not matter what
pesticide you apply (herbicide, in-
secticide, fungicide, etc.) you need
to be certified as a private applica-
tor, explained Buyung Hadi, SDSU
Extension Pesticide Applicator
Training & Urban Entomology Spe-
There are three options to get
1. Applicants many attend a 3-
hour recertification class at any pri-
vate applicator certification site.
2. Applicants may stop by at a re-
gional extension center
or local extension office
and pick-up the materials to com-
plete an open-book, home-study
3. Applicants may take a private
applicator exam online at the De-
partment of Agriculture
(https://apps.sd.gov/doa/pwt/) web-
Why do you need to become
"First and foremost, it's the law,
but certification gives you the tools
to apply pesticides properly, safely,
and profitably," Hadi said.
He explained further that the
certification is good for five years
and allows applicators to buy and
apply general and restricted-use
pesticides. During the trainings,
SDSU Extension personnel will
cover the South Dakota rules and
regulations about applying pesti-
Depending on the location, they
will also discuss local pest manage-
ment issues, be it insect pests,
weeds, or diseases.
There is no charge for attending
the private applicator class or tak-
ing the open-book home-study
exam to become certified or recerti-
fied as a private pesticide applica-
For a complete list of training
sessions throughout the state visit:
2014 Private Pesticide
applicator training dates
West River Regional Medical
Center – Critical Access Hospital
(CAH) was recently recognized by
iVantage Health Analytics as a
HealthStrong™ Award winner for
Excellence in Outcomes and Effi-
ciency, reflecting top quartile per-
formance among all CAHs in the
“Our focus has been quality care
for the patient and it’s truly grati-
fying to be recognized nationally for
our exceptional performance in pa-
tient outcomes and efficiency,” said
Jim Long, CEO.
iVantage Health announced the
latest HealthStrong Award™ win-
ners at the annual meeting of the
National Organization of State Of-
fices of Rural Health held this Oc-
tober in Asheville, NC. The
Hospital Strength ranked 1,300+
Critical Access Hospitals. The
Index is based on eight perform-
ance categories, measuring 56 dif-
ferent performance metrics.
Rural hospitals play a critical
role in providing needed care that
is comparable to its larger urban
counterparts. “Rural hospitals have
new and difficult demands that can
only be managed with better infor-
mation. The Hospital Strength
Index reflects the multiple chal-
lenges of running a hospital by in-
corporating the measures on which
the industry has worked to gain
consensus and standardization,”
said John Morrow, executive vice
president of iVantage Health Ana-
lytics, Inc.
To see the full listing of Top Per-
forming hospitals in the nation, go
to National Organization of State
Offices of Rural Health (NOSORH)
and view the PDF
h t t p : / / w w w. n o s o r h . o r g /
HealthStrong named West River Regional Medical
Center top performing hospital in the nation
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 5
Funeral Services for Alvin He-
upel, 76, of Hettinger, North
Dakota were Friday, December 20,
2013 at 11:00 a.m. at the United
Methodist Church in Hettinger.
Rev. Richard Wyman and Rev. Paul
Lindt officiated. Burial followed at
the Hettinger Cemetery. Visitations
was from 1:00 to 7:00 p.m. on
Thursday, December 19, at the
Centennial Chapel of Evanson
Jensen Funeral Homes in Het-
tinger and one hour prior to the
service at the church Friday morn-
ing. A Gathering of Family and
Friends was held Thursday evening
at 7:00 p.m. at the Centennial
Chapel. Serving as casket bearers
were Bob Seim, J.W. Seim, Chance
Seim, Tuff Seim, Perry Nagel and
Ezra Grantham. Alvin’s co-workers,
neighbors and friends were consid-
ered Honorary Bearers.
Alvin Robert Heupel was born
May 28, 1937 in Bison, South
Dakota to Alfred and Nora (Rattei)
Heupel. He was the oldest of 13
children and grew up on the farm
southwest of Bison. Alvin spent a
lot of his youth working with his fa-
ther, where his love for horses
started. They did everything with
horses; planting, haying and feed-
ing with teams.
In his early 20's, Alvin moved to
Bowman, North Dakota where he
worked for farmers and rancher,
worked at the Sale Barn, the State
Department and helped build Bow-
man Haley Dam. While living in
the Bowman area, he met Geral-
dine Volk. They were married and
to this union, six children were
born, Rodney, Loretta, Roger, Ross,
Russel and Redgi. They moved to a
place four miles north of the
Haynes Junction in September of
1972. Alvin and Geraldine's mar-
riage ended in divorce.
On his 20 acre place, Alvin raised
horses, cows and pigs. He worked
for American Colloid, Hettinger
Sale Barn, Gregorian Inc. and Lem-
mon Livestock for 30 years or more.
For many years he was known as
the man who had trained his horses
to jump into and out of his pickup
box. During these years he trained
and broke horses for other people
as well as his own.
Alvin met Arlis and she moved in
with him in May of 1984. They
were married on June 4, 1992.
After all the children left, they
worked together hauling bales and
farrowing pigs. They were always
busy along with their jobs.
Alvin loved to go to dances,
rodeos, watch horse shows on TV
and ride his horses to keep them in
shape. Horses where a big part of
his life and they always made him
happy, whether riding or driving
his cart for relaxation.
Alvin passed away at the West-
ern Horizons Care Center in Het-
tinger on Saturday, December 14,
Florence Hoff, CRE
First Presbyterian Church
Pastor’s Perspective
Here’s a question you’ll probably hear in the coming week: “What did you get for
Christmas?” Most people will start a list of goods like toys, clothes, electronics or
Some people think that Christmas is all about receiving gifts. Certainly the advertisers
and retailers are excited about that prospect. We live in a materialistic culture that
often measures love and care by the gifts others give us.
We move to more of an emotional or spiritual level when we talk about the opportunity
to give gifts to others. We need to pause and remember that Christmas is about
receiving the ultimate gift. We have been given the ultimate gift in Jesus’ birth ----- the
very presence of God coming into the world. John begins his gospel by declaring that,
even before creation, God intends to come into this world and to be among us in the
most complete and intimate way ---- in our souls and in our spirits.
Isaiah’s prophesy that God would come brought hope to the people of Israel. The
greatest gift they could receive was the good news that God really was among them
and would bring healing.
This short reading reminds us that we have gifts to share at Christmas and through-
out the year with those around us. First, we have the gift of good news. He proclaims
“How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the messenger who announces
peace, who brings good news, who announces salvation, who says zion, ‘your God
reigns’” (Isaiah 52:7). They found great comfort that God was bringing peace into their
A messenger deployed by the King spoke with tremendous authority. You and I are the
messengers today. We have good news to share with others because of the gift of Christ
at Christmas. Do we have a sense of urgency to share this good news with those
around us? Christmas offers a wonderful opportunity to share stories of personal faith
with others and to give them a gift of hope. Faith is one of the greatest gifts we can
Isaiah shows us that, with the child born to us we also have the gift of a clear path to
God. One of the great gifts of Christmas is that God gives us, in Jesus,
a clear path to God.
Finally, the coming of God in the world in Jesus Christ bestows on us the gift of
salvation for all eternity. isaiah says, “all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation
of our God.” (vs 10)
How shall we respond to all these Christmas gifts? We can express our profound joy at
God’s gift to us of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. We can spend our lives ---and all of
eternity --- unwrapping and sharing this ultimate Christmas gift.
Grace Baptist Church • Pastor Phil Hahn
Sunday School 9:30 a.m. • Worship Service - 10:30a.m.
Wednesday Prayer Mtg. - 7:30 p.m.
Church of Christ
18 mi. south of Prairie City - Worship Service - 10:00 a.m.
Prairie Fellowship Parish ELCA • Pastor Dana Lockhart
Sat. evening services • GR Luth. - 5:00 p.m. •American - 6:30 p.m.
Sunday morning services •Rosebud - 8:00 a.m. • Indian Creek - 10:30 a.m.
Christ Lutheran Church WELS
Pastor Gerhardt Juergens
Sunday Bible Class - 8:00 a.m., Worship Service - 8:30 a.m.
Coal Springs Community Church
South Jct. of Highways 73 & 20
Sunday School - 10:00 a.m., Worship Service - 11:00 a.m.
Seventh Day Adventist Church • Pastor David Moench
Sabbath School - 2:00 p.m., Worship Service - 3:00 p.m.
Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church • Fr. Tony Grossenburg
Saturday Mass: - Morristown - 4:45 p.m., Lemmon 7:15 p.m.
Sunday Mass: Lemmon - 8:15 a.m., Bison - 11:00 a.m.
Holland Center Christian Reformed Church
Pastor Brad Burkhalter • Lodgepole
Worship Service - 8:00 a.m.
First Presbyterian Church • Pastor Florence Hoff, CRE
Worship Service - 10:30 a.m. Sunday School - 9:30 for all ages
Slim Buttes Lutheran • Pastor Henry Mohagen
Reva • Sunday School 9:45 a.m. for all ages
•Worship Service - 11:00 a.m., WMF 2nd Wednesday at 1:00 p.m.
Beckman Wesleyan Church • Pastor Brad Burkhalter
Prairie City
Sunday School - 10:00 a.m., Morning Worship - 11:00 a.m.
Vesper Service - 6:00 p.m., Wed. Evenings - 7:30 p.m.
Church Services
He is survived by his wife, Arlis,
of Hettinger; his children, Rodney
(Anna), Tacoma, WA, Lorretta
(Doug) Pruener, Battle Creek, NE,
Roger (Barb), Lemmon, SD, Ross
Heupel, Dickinson, ND, Russel
(Denise), Box Elder, SD and Redgi
(Natalie), Dickinson, ND; two step
children, Kirby Klein, Lemmon, SD
and Kara (Shannon) Wiesinger,
Lemmon, SD; nine grandchildren,
Melissa, Casey, Delayna, Kayla,
Eric, Cody, Bailey, Eve and Blaze;
two step grandchildren, Melinda
Klein and Brittney Wiesinger and
three great-grandchildren. He is
also survived by four brothers, Al-
fred (Judy) Heupel, Culbertson,
MT, Leonard (Janice) Heupel, Het-
tinger, ND, Lester (Cleta) Heupel,
Wichita Falls, TX and Ron Heupel,
Sioux Falls, SD; five sisters, Alice
(Delbert) Hurst, Minneola, KS,
Linda Baesler, Grants, NM, Margie
Kvanvig, Rapid City, SD, Diane
(Terry) Brown, San Rafael, NM and
Debra Heupel, San Antonio, TX;
three brothers-in-law, Craig Per-
fett, Gillette, WY, Duane Perfett,
Gladstone, ND and David Perfett,
Deadwood, SD; three sisters-in-law,
Barb (Dean) Schlangen, Cresco, IA,
Cindy (Shawn) Silkman, Clark, SD
and Becky (Bill) Holt, Ralph, SD.
Alvin was preceded in death by
his parents, Alfred and Nora He-
upel, an infant brother, brothers,
Ray (Cordevee) Heupel and Nor-
man Heupel, a sister, Lorraine
Pace, his mother-in-law, Joyce Per-
fett, a step-son, Wade Klein and an
infant grandson, Shane.
Condolences to Alvin's family can
be sent through our website at
Alvin Heupel
6 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 7
Will cattle herds expand due to better prices
On the production side of the
beef industry, the focus has be-
come whether the nation's beef
cow herd will begin to grow and
eventually result in more beef
production, said Darrell R. Mark,
Adjunct Professor of Economics
at South Dakota State Univer-
"On the demand side of the in-
dustry, such growth could eventu-
ally mean an increase in beef
consumption. However, even if
beef cow numbers are modestly
higher at the beginning of 2014,
it will likely be 2016 before beef
production, and therefore beef
consumption, begins to increase,"
Mark explained.
In fact, Mark said beef con-
sumption is forecasted to decline
about 5 percent in 2014 to about
53 pounds per person (retail
weight equivalent). In 2015, beef
consumption could drop to 52
pounds per person.
The reason beef consumption is
declining, Mark said, is because
beef production has decreased as
cattle feed costs have increased
dramatically in recent years. As a
result, the reduced quantities of
beef available have translated
into record beef prices this year.
From January through October,
the price of all fresh retail beef
averaged $4.93 per pound.
"That's up 5.3 percent com-
pared to the same time period in
2012. In October, the price of all
fresh beef set a new record high
at $4.98 per pound. Such higher
prices, driven by smaller quanti-
ties, have many wondering
whether consumers will be will-
ing and able to continuously pay
more for beef," he said.
Mark said consumer demand a
valid concern - one that is diffi-
cult to project for future years be-
cause it involves forecasting
changing consumer tastes and
preferences. However, available
information about beef demand
thus far in 2013 - while beef
prices were continuously setting
new record highs - Mark said
would suggest that beef demand
has been better than would have
been expected.
Consider these facts:
The demand for all fresh beef
for the first three quarters of
2013 was about 3% higher than
the same time period in 2012.
That's based on a demand index
that considers both quantities de-
manded and prices. In Econ 101
terms, it represents an outward
shift in the demand curve for
The National Restaurant Asso-
ciation reports that its Restau-
rant Performance Index (RPI)
rose to a four-month high in Oc-
tober 2013. While this considers
more than beef sales, dining out
accounts for 40-50% of consumer
beef purchases in the U.S. The
RPI was 100.9 in October, which
indicates slight expansion in the
industry. Overall, the restaurant
industry appears to be cautiously
optimistic about future sales.
Beef and veal exports were
5.4% higher in October 2013 com-
pared to a year ago. In fact, for
the first ten months of 2013, beef
exports totaled 2.14 billion
pounds, an increase of 4% com-
pared to January-October 2012.
Beef exports to Japan continue
higher, with October 2013 posting
a 42% increase over a year ago.
Year-to-date, beef exports to
Japan are 47% higher than a
year ago. Beef exports to Hong
Kong and China (Taiwan) con-
tinue strong as well. For the year-
to-date, beef exports to Taiwan
have doubled relative to a year
ago, while Hong Kong's imports
of U.S. beef are up 67%. Beef ex-
ports to Canada and Mexico, his-
torically among the U.S.'s largest
beef export destinations, are 5-6%
higher so far in 2013. While many
of the U.S.'s beef customers have
increased beef purchases this
year, exports to South Korea,
Vietnam, and other countries
have declined this year. Russia
continues to import no U.S. beef.
"A number of factors will deter-
mine the demand for beef in the
year to come, including consumer
tastes and preferences, consumer
disposable income, prices of com-
peting meats, general economic
conditions in the U.S. and around
the globe, and foreign exchange
rates," Mark said.
While these are not an inclu-
sive list, Mark said most of these
factors have created a bit of a
headwind for beef demand in the
last year.
"So, given the strength of do-
mestic beef demand at retail and
good export market sales in this
last year's challenging market
environment, there is reason to
be optimistic about beef demand
in the year to come," he said.
8 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
SDSU Extension program aims to empower Americans
to make a smart choice about health insurance
Sweeping health care reform
legislation means hundreds of
millions of Americans will soon
have more options than ever be-
fore when it comes to health in-
surance, said Carrie Johnson,
SDSU Extension Family Re-
source Management Specialist.
"Yet, research shows the vast
majority of people in this country
are uncomfortable, overwhelmed
and intimidated when it comes to
making decisions about health in-
surance coverage," Johnson said.
This is the motivation behind
the development of Smart Choice
Health Insurance. A comprehen-
sive, research-based, unbiased
curriculum designed by a team of
experts from across the nation,
led by the University of Maryland
Extension to equip people with
the tools they need to make the
best decision possible for their
families when choosing health in-
Johnson explained that Smart
Choice is the result of two years
of research and pilot-testing that
took place in seven states and
will roll out this fall through a se-
ries of educator and consumer
workshops to be held throughout
the country. Through these work-
shops, participants will learn how
to analyze what they need and
want from health care providers,
compare plans, calculate how
health insurance will affect their
financial budgets, and ultimately,
apply the information and knowl-
edge gained to make a smart
choice. Consumer workbooks
were produced in both Spanish
and English to reach a wider seg-
ment of the population.
"Smart Choice is not about
pushing consumers to select any
one specific plan," said Bonnie
Braun, co-leader of the team of
University of Maryland and
Delaware extension experts that
developed Smart Choice. "It's de-
signed to help people gain a set of
skills so that they can choose a
plan that best fits their family's
needs and then use that plan ef-
ficiently once enrolled."
"As the State Extension Spe-
cialist I'm pleased to offer this
workshop here in South Dakota.
I know people in our state want
to make smart choices about their
health and finances. This work-
Scholarship prizes available for
the winners of Resource
Conservation Speech contest
Entries are being accepted for
the 2014 SD State Finals of the
Resource Conservation Speech
contest with $2,300 in education
scholarships available for the
These higher education schol-
arships are provided by the East
River and Rushmore Electric
Power Cooperatives and South
Dakota Rural Electric Associa-
tion. Scholarships are awarded to
the top three finalists: first place
is $1,100; second place is $750;
and third place is $450.
The theme for the 2014 contest
is “Why Conservation Saved Us
From Another Dust Bowl?”
All contestants participate in
contests coordinated by local con-
servation districts. Local winners
advance to area contests held in
seven locations. The top area
speakers compete at the state fi-
nals in Pierre on April 5, 2014.
The contest is sponsored by the
South Dakota Department of
Agriculture (SDDA), in coopera-
tion with Touchstone Energy Co-
operatives of South Dakota, the
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and
the South Dakota Association of
Conservation Districts.
For more information on the
2014 Resource Conservation
Speech Contest, contact your
local conservation district or call
Cec Johnson, Natural Resource
Specialist for SDDA, at
An entry form and complete list
of rules can be found online at:
e s t r y / e d u c a t i o n a l -
shop can help them do just that,"
Johnson said.
With health insurance cur-
rently in the public spotlight,
Smart Choice seeks to capitalize
on this teachable moment by
helping Americans take control of
their personal and family finan-
cial health needs.
"Keeping your head above
water can be extremely difficult
when navigating the waters of
health insurance - whether
you've been insured throughout
your life or are faced with select-
ing coverage for the very first
time," said Johnson. "Smart
Choice acts like a life vest: it em-
powers people by eliminating the
intimidation factor, explaining
the steps in the process and ulti-
mately showing them how to find
the best fit for their needs."
For more information on Smart
Choice, visit www.extension.umd.
edu/insure. For local information
about workshops, visit
www.igrow.org or contact John-
son at 605-688-4035, carrie.john-
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 9
by Senator John Thune
Like many South Dakotans, our
family always enjoys looking back
at many of our Thune family
Christmas cards from years past.
While our daughters like to
poke fun at the hairstyles and out-
fits of days gone by, the best part
of looking through the annual
Christmas cards is the opportu-
nity to reflect on the many fond
memories we have shared as a
family and the many gifts we have
been given.
As we share in the love and
friendship of our friends and fam-
ilies throughout the holidays, we
also remember the giving spirit of
the season. Christmas is the time
when the generosity in the hearts
of South Dakotans is most on dis-
play. South Dakotans know that
in difficult times we can depend
on our friends and neighbors to
support one another during the
Christmas season. Not all South
Dakotans have the means to make
financial donations to those in
need, but many South Dakotans
will choose to donate their time
and talents, offering a helpful
hand to a neighbor in need, organ-
izing food drives, and providing a
warm meal and gifts to less fortu-
nate children.
It would be impossible to enjoy
the gifts of the season without the
generous service of those South
Dakotans who will be spending
Christmas very far away from
friends and family because of their
commitment to defending our na-
tion in the Armed Forces. I know
there are very few in South
Dakota who do not know someone
who will be spending Christmas in
harm's way, and I ask that all
South Dakotans keep these brave
young men and women in their
As I gather with my wife, Kim-
berley, and our family this Christ-
mas, I would like to wish all South
Dakotans a Merry Christmas and
thank you for the opportunity to
work for you. It is an honor and a
blessing for which I am truly
grateful. May God continue to
bless our nation and South
Season of giving
By Richard P. Holm M.D.
This is a lesson for kids of every
age; for babies, and toddlers, for
teenagers and young adults, for
older adults and even the very old:
daily movement and physical ac-
tivity improves the quality of life
for anyone who finds the discipline
to walk. And if you don't use it, you
lose it.
If you ask any of my patients,
many will tell you I sound like a
broken record that keeps repeat-
ing the same exercise recommen-
dation. I'm sorry, but over the
years I have been convinced that,
with few exceptions, no matter
what age and condition, no matter
what size and shape, daily exer-
cise is the single best thing we can
do for ourselves.
Although the advent of power
chairs has been a godsend for
many very disabled people, these
mobility helpers can be a harmful
thing for the borderline disabled
who would benefit from having to
walk. I observed one elderly per-
son who purchased a used battery
powered chair despite my recom-
mendation against it, and watched
how he became weakened and
then very disabled over just three
months, until his family realized
what it was doing to him and took
it away. And then like magic, he
came back to being mobile again,
while not dependent on the mobil-
ity aid. That real story clarifies the
powerful need we all have to keep
moving, today and every day.
Discussing independence and
preventing falls with a physical
therapist yesterday she spoke
about the value of core strength to
prevent loss of balance. These are
important issues especially for
those who are in the retirement
years. I asked her which exercise
would help that core strength and
balance best and the answer was
daily walking. Say it again: daily
One gentleman shared with me
yesterday that he finally began
the exercise program advised, and
was pleasantly surprised how
much better he felt and how much
he has enjoyed the daily two mile
walk with the dog. "Walk even
through this cold winter sub-zero
weather, but you need to dress
warm enough," he advised. "And
your dog will enjoy it too!"
"I walk today, so I can walk to-
morrow," my 95 year old aunt Au-
drey exclaimed. Those were her
actual words and although she has
been gone for years, her encour-
agement to stay mobile has been
the perfect theme song for a geria-
trician caring for the elderly... and
for people of all ages too.
So, don't lose it. You just have to
have discipline to walk, today and
every day.
Beef Days 2014 is set for Buffalo January 10
SD Secretary of Ag Lucas Lentsch will be in town to address the crowd
The Harding County Stockgrow-
ers and SDSU Extension annual
Beef Day is set for 2014. The
event will take place 1 p.m. on
January 10 in Buffalo at the Hard-
ing County Recreation Center.
The Beef Day program is held
every year in Buffalo presenting
information to help producers
along with other individuals in-
volved with the livestock industry.
Speakers for the afternoon pro-
gram include Dr. Robbi Pritchard
and Dr. Connee Quinn, both will
share how management decisions
affect the bottom line when it
comes to health and productivity
of the animal. Dr. Pritchard, a
Distinguished Professor at SDSU
is well known in the livestock in-
dustry focusing his efforts on ru-
minant nutrition and
management. Dr. Quinn has been
recognized in the livestock indus-
try for several years, she ranches
with her husband on the SD/NE
state line. Chad Nelson, a Hard-
ing County native will share what
you should know about livestock
insurance. Lessons were learned
from the October 2013 that not all
livestock insurance policies are
the same. The afternoon will also
include Secretary of Ag Lucas
Lentsch addressing the crowd.
Joining Secretary Lentsch will be
Deputy Secretary, Trudy Wast-
The SD Stockgrowers are in-
vited to visit with the crowd at
4:30. Harding County Stock-
grower’s Annual Meeting at 5:00
p.m., social, supper and evening
entertainment will follow the An-
nual Meeting beginning at 5:30.
The entertainer will be Gordy
Pratt. Gordy, the original Fabu-
lous ONE GUY is a fast paced,
one-man musical comedy show.
Gordy’s humorous outlook on life
is hysterical! Admission to the
supper and entertainment will be
$15/person; contact Pioneer Bank
and Trust to reserve your spot.
Mark your calendar and please re-
serve your seat by Friday, January
For answers to questions on the
event, call Robin Salverson, the
SDSU Extension Cow/Calf Field
Specialist at 605-374-4177.
The Prairie Doc Perspective ............Don't lose it
10 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
A large corn crop and falling
corn prices this fall have resulted
in record or near record high
feeder steer prices, said Darrell R.
Mark, Adjunct Professor of Eco-
nomics at South Dakota State
Prices for 700-799 pound year-
ling steers in South Dakota
posted an all-time record high of
$172.64 per hundredweight dur-
ing the week ending Oct. 18,
2013, which Mark explained was
the first week of reporting after
the government shutdown ended.
"In the weeks since then, those
yearling steer prices have settled
back to $169 to $170 per hundred-
weight; still, that's fully $30 per
hundredweight higher than dur-
ing late May 2013," he said.
Lighter weight steer calves
weighing between 500 and 599
pounds have averaged $190-191
per hundredweight for the last
month, which Mark said is only
about $8 per hundredweight
lower than the all-time high es-
tablished in June 2012 for this
weight of feeder steers.
He explained in his iGrow.org
article that the price increases in
the feeder cattle market are re-
sulting from both supply and de-
mand factors.
"Historically small cow herds
have restricted calf crop supplies
for several consecutive years.
Now, as some herd rebuilding be-
gins, fewer heifers are available
for feeding as more are held for
breeding replacement," he said.
"On the demand side, ample feed-
ing capacity and much lower corn
prices this fall have spurred inter-
est in placing feeder cattle
amongst commercial feedyards
and farmer-feeders."
Mark said it's likely that these
supply and demand fundamentals
won't change for a year or more,
which could drive feeder cattle
prices to new highs in the year
ahead. In the meantime, examin-
ing the economics of feeding pro-
grams at current price levels is
At $4.10 per bushel for corn,
$59 per ton for wet distillers
grain, and $60 per ton for ground
corn stalks, a feed ration can cost
about $172 per ton on a dry mat-
ter basis, Mark explained.
"When adding in other costs
like yardage, death loss, veteri-
nary and health, and interest on
the feeder steer and half of the
variable feed expenses, total cost
of gain is about $82 per hundred-
weight, assuming average cattle
performance," he said. "With
hedging opportunities around
$136 per hundredweight for April
2014 fed cattle, there is about $82
per head profit in placing these
yearling steers now."
Mark also projected the feeding
costs for placing lighter weight
calves on feed at today's prices.
Doing so is a breakeven proposi-
tion, he said, because the finished
date is later in the summer dur-
ing the seasonal low in the fed
cattle market.
He noted that it might be possi-
ble to avoid marketing the calf-
feds during this time period by
lengthening the feeding period
and targeting them for slaughter
after prices seasonally rebound
from the summer lows in Septem-
ber or October.
"Doing so would likely require
different feedstuffs as the feeding
period would need more of a pro-
nounced backgrounding/growing
phase," he said.
As always, Mark said costs, cat-
tle performance, and other as-
sumptions will differ amongst
feeders. "But, based on these av-
erages, it would appear that there
is a profit opportunity to feeding
cattle - even at today's near record
feeder cattle prices. And, that's
something that's been hard to
come by for several years," he
Do feeding budgets work at record feeder cattle prices?
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 11
You and your landscape trees
have made it through another sea-
son - drought, insects, or early leaf
drop might have been the battles
you had to fight for months ... at
least as far as your trees are con-
cerned. You may think that be-
cause the now dormant, leafless
trees have made it this far into the
calendar, you can now breathe
easy. Think again! With winter
storms approaching, hazards in
trees should be removed now - be-
fore they damage property or the
Winter is a great time to exam-
ine the stability and health of your
trees, say tree care experts. Why?
With the leaves off, cracks, defects
and deadwood are easier to see.
"Most trees can be pruned year-
round, if pruned properly," said
Tchukki Andersen and staff ar-
borist for the Tree Care Industry
Association. "And certain opera-
tions are easier to do in the winter,
if the ground is frozen or the tree
is not actively growing."
Some homeowners worry that
arborists will not be able to deter-
mine deadwood on a tree when the
leaves are off. "On the contrary,"
said Andersen. "This is the best
time for an arborist to locate dead-
wood by looking for changes in
branch color, fungus growth,
cracks, and other symptoms that
can help them make this determi-
nation. Since the leaves are off,
the view of the entire tree's archi-
tecture is clear and a thorough
check can be performed."
Pruning is much more than the
simple act of sawing off limbs.
Proper pruning is an art based on
scientific principles of plant phys-
iology. At its most basic level,
pruning trees involves removing
damaged, dead or structurally
weak limbs, which will improve a
tree's health and reduce the
chances of personal or property
damage caused by falling limbs.
More advanced pruning methods
aid in improving the tree's struc-
ture and long-term health.
Proper pruning encourages
growth, increases flower and fruit
production, improves plant
health, and removes damaged
limbs, all which give aesthetic ap-
peal to a tree. Pruning at the right
time and in the right way is criti-
cal, since it is possible to kill a tree
through neglect or over-pruning.
How can a homeowner know if
an arborist will prune a tree cor-
"Ask the arborist if they prune
according to the American Na-
tional Standards Institute stan-
dard for tree pruning, which is
called ANSI A300," said Andersen.
This standard recommends, and
in some cases requires, that the
use of certain tools, cutting tech-
niques and pruning methods be
followed, and sets the standard
definitions for terms the arborist
will use in your estimate. Properly
written work estimates for tree
pruning should be written in ac-
cordance with ANSI A300 stan-
In addition to the information
given on the work estimate, ANSI
A300 sets some guidelines for
basic pruning practices that ar-
borists should follow.
Arborists adhering to the ANSI
A300 pruning standard will:
•not leave branch stubs
•make few or no heading cuts
•not cut off the branch collar
(not make a flush cut)
•not top or lion's tail trees
(stripping a branch from the in-
side leaving foliage just at the
•not remove more than 25 per-
cent of the foliage of a single
•not remove more than 25 per-
cent of the total tree foliage in a
single year
•not damage other parts of the
tree during pruning
•not use wound paint
•not prune without a good rea-
•not climb the tree with climb-
ing spikes
A professional arborist can as-
sess your landscape and work
with you to determine the best
trees and shrubs to plant for your
existing landscape. Contact the
Tree Care Industry Association, a
public and professional resource
on trees and arboriculture since
1938. It has more than 2,000
member companies who recognize
stringent safety and performance
standards and who are required to
carry liability insurance. TCIA
has the nation's only Accreditation
Tree pruning to ANSI standards
program that helps consumers
find tree care companies that
have been inspected and accred-
ited based on: adherence to in-
dustry standards for quality and
safety; maintenance of trained,
professional staff; and dedication
to ethics and quality in business
practices. An easy way to find a
tree care service provider in your
area is to use the "Locate Your
Local TCIA Member Companies"
program. You can use this service
by calling 1-800-733-2622 or by
doing a ZIP Code search on
12 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
Chokecherry tree infected with Black Knot in Lemmon, S.D.
Tree Facts – Black Knot Disease of Plums and Chokecherries
By Robert W. Drown,
Natural Resource Specialist
Black Knot disease growing
around the branches of
Chokecherries and American
Plum trees are very noticeable
this time of year since there are
no leaves to hide them. The galls
start out as small brown
swellings on crotches of limbs,
small branches and twigs. In the
second year the swellings en-
large, turn green and are covered
by a velvety growth. By late sum-
mer, the green gall turn black, be-
come hard and brittle. Each year
the Black Knots enlarge growing
along the infected branch or twig
from a few inches to over 12
inches in length. Black Knot dis-
ease can also infect domestic va-
rieties of plums and cherries.
Black Knot is caused by the
fungus Dibotryom Morbosum. In
the spring, the velvety green galls
produce millions of spores that
are carried by wind spreading the
disease to healthy branches. The
fungus attacks the woody parts of
the tree, girdling the twigs and
branches severely affecting fruit
production. Infected twigs usu-
ally die the first year but larger
branches usually resist for sev-
eral years before succumbing to
the disease. Often the branches
become twisted or distorted at the
knot. The disease may spread
over the entire tree, slowly weak-
ening it, decreasing fruit produc-
tion and eventually killing it.
Controlling Black Knot disease
requires a combination of prun-
ing out the Black Knots and
spraying with fungicides. Limit
pruning to late winter and re-
move all Black Knots by April 1.
The pruning cut should be made
about 3 inches below the knot.
Effective control of Black Knot re-
quires elimination of nearby
sources of infection. Prune out
diseased branches in other Amer-
ican Plum and Chokecherry
trees. All of the diseased branches
should be destroyed by burning,
burying or sending to a sanitary
landfill. After pruning, the cut
surfaces of large branches should
be covered with a wound dressing
such as asphalt tree coating.
Spray branches with Lime Sulfur
before bud-break and then use
Captan at weekly intervals till
the end of May.
Since Black Knots take one or
two years to develop, a moderate
number of new ones may appear
the first year after control meas-
ures have been started. By the
second and third years, only an
occasional Black Knot should ap-
pear. If there are many new ones
after this period of time, then
some nearby source of infection
has not been eliminated. This
source should be located and
eliminated. Annual spraying
during early spring, while
branches are still dormant with
Lime-Sulfur will also help to con-
trol the spread of this disease.
Following are some helpful
notes before you start your con-
trol efforts. Make sure your
pruning tools are sharp. If your
tools touch the Black Knots, san-
itize them with bleach water be-
fore making a new cut. Fungicide
products containing Lime Sulfur
include “High Yield Lime Sulfur”
and those containing Captan in-
clude “Bonide Captan.”
My sources for this news re-
lease were the North Dakota
State University Extension Serv-
ice and South Dakota State Uni-
versity Extension Service. If you
would like more information
about “Black Knot Disease of
Plums and Chokecherries,” con-
tact Bob Drown at the Conserva-
tion Office at 605-244-5222,
Extension 4 or by e-mail at
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 13
Apply for rancher relief funds before December 31
More than $2 million has been
donated to the Rancher Relief
Fund to help South Dakota live-
stock producers who experienced
loss due to Winter Storm Atlas.
As the Dec. 31 application
deadline approaches, Silvia
Christen, executive director of
the South Dakota Stockgrowers
Association, urges ranchers who
experienced loss to send in their
application before the deadline.
After the Dec. 31 deadline, the
application process will not re-
"We know that these funds will
not make anyone whole again,
however, we are hopeful that the
money will help people get to the
next step," Christen said.
Every little bit helps, says a
ranch couple who raises cattle
south of Rapid City and applied
for Rancher Relief funds. Atlas
killed 50 percent of their cow
herd and 30 percent of their
"People need to take advantage
of these funds to help get through
the winter. Bills don't stop just
because we lost livestock. Even if
it just helps cover the fuel bill -
this is going to be a cold winter,"
they said.
In their mid-30s the couple has
been building up their herd since
he was 16. A fourth generation
rancher, after high school he saw
an opportunity to improve his
family's ranching operation and
stayed home to do just that.
"I could see great opportunities
for helping things grow and ad-
vance by doing things a little dif-
ferently than my family had been
doing them for 60 years," he said.
Like many of their friends and
neighbors, raising livestock is
something they grew up doing.
And, like many who are genera-
tions-old cattle producers, noth-
ing could have prepared them for
the devastation Atlas left in its
"It was Mother Nature's way of
reminding us that she's still in
charge," he said. "We did every-
thing we could to prepare for the
storm. We sorted our cattle into
smaller groups and put them in
areas that provided good protec-
tion in storms past, but this
storm was different."
This couple's story is not
unique. Dan Oedekoven, Director
of the SDSU West River Ag Cen-
ter in Rapid City has listened to
many stories of livestock produc-
ers who did everything they could
to protect their sheep, cattle and
horses from the storm, but found
after the storm that their efforts
were in vain. Which is why, he en-
courages producers who experi-
enced loss to send in an
application for Rancher Relief
"I have heard many say that 'it
could have been worse and my
neighbors were hit harder than
me,' however, if you have needs
because of the storm, this money
was donated for you,'" Oedekoven
Rancher Relief Fund Gives
Although the blizzard has set
them back, the couple says they
have hope for the future spurred
on by the support shown to them
by their community which,
thanks to the Rancher Relief
Fund has grown to include many
"It's made us feel great, that
others involved in the agriculture
community will step forward and
help take care of us," they said.
"We've had business owners from
our community pull us aside and
encourage us to apply for the
Rancher Relief Fund because
they said they donated to it with
us and our neighbors in mind."
Christen echoes their com-
ments. She explains how the out-
pouring of generosity from more
than 4,000 individuals, organiza-
tions and businesses from across
the state and nation has far ex-
ceeded initial expectations.
"This experience has shown us
directly how connected our indus-
try is. We talk about agriculture
being one big family, but seeing
the many notes of encouragement
and the outpouring of generosity
and support really drove that
point home," she said.
Completely confidential
To ensure complete confiden-
tiality, all applications for
Rancher Relief Funds will be re-
viewed by Lutheran Social Serv-
ices staff, and will be distributed
following criteria set by S. D. Cat-
tlemen's Association, S.D. Stock-
growers Association and S.D.
Sheep Growers Association.
"We know how important confi-
dentiality is," Christen said.
Nominate someone in need
Applications for the Rancher
Relief Fund are available by vis-
iting this link at iGrow.org:
Because not everyone is com-
fortable applying for help, nomi-
nations are also accepted from
family, friends, community mem-
bers and others who know ranch-
ers and families that need help.
All nominations or applica-
tions are due Dec. 31, 2013.
A few more details:
This is a one-page application.
Any producer within the blizzard
area is encouraged to apply.
There is no cut off or disqualifica-
tion for age or percentage of herd
lost. Anyone who had a loss is
welcomed to apply.
Any species of livestock will be
considered. Sheep, cattle, horses
and buffalo are all welcome, and
will receive consideration.
Any producer who suffered
livestock losses in the Atlas Dis-
aster declared counties and the
adjoining counties is eligible for
consideration. This includes
counties outside of South Dakota.
If you have any questions about
the application process, contact
Silvia Christen at S.D. Stock-
growers Association at 605-342-
0429 or Jodie Anderson, S.D.
Cattlemen's Association at 605-
14 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
Every best management prac-
tices book related to beef cattle
production calls for pregnancy
checking the herd to identify open
cows as early in the season as
possible, said South Dakota State
University Extension livestock
business management field spe-
cialist, Heather Gessner.
"Open cows in the herd have a
negative impact on profit as they
are consuming expensive inputs
such as feed, animal unit month,
and labor without contributing
back to the operation. The rea-
sons cows do not breed back are
many and varied and something
cattle producers need to be moni-
toring," Gessner said.
Many times cows are not iden-
tified as open until late fall/early
winter as this is when cows are
typically brought in off summer
grazing areas and calves are
weaned, explained Gessner.
"A downside with this plan is
that most other cattle producers
are working on the same time
table, and thus many open cows
hit the market at the same time,
resulting in a seasonal price de-
cline during the fall," she said.
The national average cutter
cow price ranged from $77-78 per
hundredweight for the first three
quarters of 2013, with projections
for the fourth quarter at $78-80
per hundredweight and for the
first quarter of 2014 at $79-83 per
hundredweight according to the
Livestock, Dairy and Poultry
Outlook – November 2013.
"This increase in price projec-
tions may be an indicator for pro-
ducers to hold on to open cows
until after the first of the new
year," Gessner said.
Some reasons to consider this
option include: the potential to
add weight to an animal that may
have come off grass in poor body
condition. Adding pounds will in-
crease the total weight available
for sale and will also increase the
white fat on the carcass.
Current signs are pointing to-
wards a decline in cow slaughter
numbers and the number of
heifers destined for feedlots. With
fewer cows and heifers entering
the supply chain, beef production
will be reduced. Supplies of lean
ground beef used in many pro-
cessing plants will face the
biggest shortage as cow slaughter
numbers decline. This shortage of
supply will pressure prices to re-
main at or above current levels.
Young cows that are open are
candidates to be re-exposed for
fall calves. Bred female prices
have increased in the last few
months. Marketing a group of
young cows bred for fall calves
may well be a profitable venture.
"Both adding weight and in-
creased value are ways to bring
additional profit to the operation.
However, added weight and days
on feed are not free. If you have a
relatively inexpensive feed re-
source available, such as corn
stalk grazing, low test weight
corn, or low cost forages, there
may be opportunity for increased
profits," she said.
While there is added profit po-
tential for feeding cull cows,
Gessner explained that the mar-
gin is tight and even small in-
creases in feed costs or decreases
in the market price will reduce
that profit potential. Because
there are no price risk manage-
ment tools available for cows,
Gessner said completing an en-
terprise budget is the best tool to
analyze the profit potential.
Current feed supply inventory
must be taken into consideration.
"Feedstuff needs for the re-
maining cow herd should be ana-
lyzed carefully to ensure the
main herd can be appropriately
fed throughout the winter and
spring. If feed inventories are not
large enough to get through ex-
treme cold snaps or an extended
spring feeding period from a de-
layed spring turnout, selling open
cows may be a better option, un-
less the added return from retain-
ing the cows is sufficient to make
up for any feed shortage," Gess-
ner said.
Producers who are optimistic
about heifer retention and herd
expansion/rebuilding will want to
watch the cow market closely to
analyze the size of beef produc-
tion changes during the fourth
quarter of 2013.
"Timing cull cow marketing de-
cisions based on the seasonal cull
cow prices and the potential for
cull cow price increases after an-
alyzing feed rations and costs
could add profits this year," she
Cull cows, marketing, seasonal
prices and profit
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 15
Non-Discrimination Statement
West River Cooperative Telephone Company is
the recipient of Federal financial assistance from
the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The
USDA prohibits discrimination in all its programs
and activities on the basis of race, color, national
origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex,
marital status, familial status, parental status,
religion, sexual orientation, genetic information,
political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part
of an individualʼs income is derived from any
public assistance program. (Not all prohibited
bases apply to all programs.) Persons with
disabilities who require alternative means for
communication of program information (Braille,
large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact
USDAʼs TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600
(voice and TDD). To file a complaint of
discrimination, write to USDA, Assistant
Secretary for Civil Rights, Office of Assistant
Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence
Avenue, S., STOP 9410 W., Washington, D. C.
20250-9410, or call toll free (866) 632-9992
(English) or (800) 877-8339 (TDD) or
(866) 377-8642 (English Federal-relay) or (800)
845-6136 (Spanish Federal-relay). “USDA is an
equal opportunity provider, employer, and lender”.
Non-Discrimination Statement
Grand Electric Cooperative, Inc. is the recipient
of Federal financial assistance from the U. S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA). The USDA
prohibits discrimination in all its programs and
activities on the basis of race, color, national
origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex,
marital status, familial status, parental status,
religion, sexual orientation, genetic information,
political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part
of an individualʼs income is derived from any
public assistance program. (Not all prohibited
bases apply to all programs.) Persons with
disabilities who require alternative means for
communication of program information (Braille,
large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact
USDAʼs TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600
(voice and TDD). To file a complaint of
discrimination, write to USDA, Assistant
Secretary for Civil Rights, Office of Assistant
Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence
Avenue, S., STOP 9410 W., Washington, D. C.
20250-9410, or call toll free (866) 632-9992
(English) or (800) 877-8339 (TDD) or
(866) 377-8642 (English Federal-relay) or (800)
845-6136 (Spanish Federal-relay). “USDA is an
equal opportunity provider, employer, and
Winter Storm Atlas is bad
news for some pests
While the aftermath of Winter
Storm Atlas is still felt by ranch-
ers, growers of field and forage
crops in storm-hit areas of west-
ern South Dakota might see an
unexpected positive outcome for
the coming season when it comes
to insect pressure said, Anitha
Chirumamilla, SDSU Extension
Entomology Field Specialist.
"The timing of storm and the
amount of precipitation might
have a negative impact on field
insect populations leading to low
insect pressure on crops," Chiru-
mamilla said.
She explains that the early
storm didn't give insects an op-
portunity to go into diapause - the
winter survival technique of
many 'cold hardy' insects.
"Diapause is a physiological
mechanism equivalent to "dor-
mancy" used in plants and ani-
mals. Insects in diapause are in a
sleeping mode with no food, little
or no movement or development,
and minimal metabolism just to
keep them going," Chirumamilla
"Diapause allows insects to sur-
vive through the winter and have
enough energy reserves to start
development when it warms up
in the spring. "
However, as she explained, to
have a successful diapause, in-
sects have to do a lot of planning
ahead of time.
"They need to eat as much as
possible and as quickly as possi-
ble to pack on fat reserves and
keep an eye on daily tempera-
tures and hours of light while
they are busy munching on plant
tissue or sucking plant sap. By
the time it gets cooler and days
get shorter, insects should have
built enough body reserves and
reached appropriate stage of de-
velopment to start making their
travel to winter lodging (overwin-
tering) sites, which could be deep
in the soil, seed, stubble, plant
debris, and even our houses," she
Chirumamilla points to two un-
usual climatic events that oc-
curred this fall which might have
fatal effects on insects: 1) early
snow likely killed many insects as
their bodies were not physiologi-
cally ready to tolerate the cold
stress; and 2) the immediate wet
cycle that lasted for more than
two weeks probably killed a large
portion of insects that were al-
ready making their move to dor-
mant sites but did not reach their
Considering the cropping pat-
tern in West River South Dakota,
Chirumamilla said the major in-
sects of economic concern such as
alfalfa weevil, grasshoppers, blis-
ter beetles, banded sunflower
moth, red sunflower seed weevil,
wheat stem saw fly, wheat midge,
and corn rootworm, that overwin-
ter in soil or stubbles will be hit
"With the exception of
grasshoppers, the rest of the
above insects overwinter as ma-
ture larvae in or at considerable
depths of soil. The mature and
immature larvae that are still
feeding will succumb to the early
snow while the mature larvae
that dropped to the ground will
likely be killed by drowning or
disease," she said.
On the other hand, Chiru-
mamilla said because grasshop-
pers overwinter as eggs deposited
in soil and glued together as egg
pods, the heavy snow combined
with prolonged wet conditions
might lead to drowning or expo-
sure of egg pods to diseases.
"All the above factors suggest
that we may be seeing lower than
usual insect pressure on crops in
the coming season. However, ben-
eficial insects like pollinators,
predators and parasitoids will
also be equally affected by the
winter storm and it will be no
surprise if we see few of them
around as well," she said.
While Atlas may have affected
insects that overwinter locally,
the migratory insects that cause
seasonal damage will be free of
the impact.
"For example, insects like sun-
flower head moth, and potato leaf
hopper (alfalfa) do not have the
ability to overwinter in South
Dakota and migrate every year
from southern states," Chiru-
mamilla said.
She encourages growers to
spend time scouting for migrating
insects as they are at an advan-
tage because of lack of competi-
tion from local insects as well as
natural enemies.
"Also, it is important to keep in
mind that there is always a cer-
tain percentage of insects that
survive the odds and contribute
to the future buildup of the popu-
lations. It might take a couple of
years for the pests to bounce back
with full force, but it is always
wise to keep scouting," she said.
Boomer Babble – Thoughts at Large
My Christmas Story
By Doug Ortman
Well Christmas is just days
away and I’m remembering some
Christmas’s years ago. For most
of us Boomers our youthful years
were in the 50’s and 60’s and
things were different then. Some
say we glorify a past that wasn’t
all great and that there is no time
like the present. Well while I’m
glad to still be present in the
present, I do enjoy some good
memories of the past. In our
small little church in our small
little town we always had a tradi-
tional Christmas Eve service
with the nativity story, tradi-
tional carols and all the kids left
with a brown paper bag full of
peanuts and an apple. If it
snowed that evening it was frost-
ing on the celebration. I look back
at it now and it seems a little
Norman Rockwellish. Of course
as kids part of the excitement is
the anticipation of Santa’s visit.
One year a niece of mine was old
enough to announce on Christ-
mas Eve that she no longer be-
lieved in Santa. After our evening
goodies and some presents, my
dad announced that he heard
something outside. He turned on
some outside lights that lit up the
entire yard and we all rushed
over to our large picture window
just in time to see Santa cross the
yard with a large sack over his
back and disappear into the trees.
My niece got so excited seeing
this that she threw up and she
was once again a believer.
On Christmas Eve my twin
brother and I would try to stay
awake as late as possible to try
and catch Santa coming down the
chimney. We never understood
why mom and dad would get
angry the later it got. Why didn’t
they just go to bed? Then the first
thing in the morning we ran out
to see if Santa had been there. We
first looked to see if the milk,
cookies and carrot were gone.
They were and then we could
check out the toys. I know most of
you born in the past forty years
after the Boomers have had simi-
lar experiences and I hope we can
all help our grandkids experience
the same kind of excitement that
we remember. Yet, somehow it
isn’t quite the same when Lincoln
Logs, Erector sets, Etch A Sketch
and Coonskin caps are replaced
with X-box, Play stations, Nin-
tendo Wiis, DVD’s, Ipods, Ipads. I
guess I can quote Cy Robertson of
Duck Dynasty, “ Hey, That’s just
the way it is Jack!” Regardless,
we can still celebrate the same
gift and best gift of all, in the
birth of our savior, Jesus Christ.
A gift we should all remember.
16 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
Perkins County
Regular Meeting
Date: Tuesday, December 10, 2013
Present: Commissioners: Schweitzer,
Henderson, Ottman, Besler, Foster
and Finance Officer Chapman
Others Present: Kelly Serr, Duane
Holtgard, Todd Fink, Juell Chapman,
Mary Haase, Paul Hancock, Curtis
Glasoe, Russ Walsh, Rownea Ger-
bracht, Beth Hulm, press
Call to order
Chairman Schweitzer called the regu-
lar meeting to order at 10:05 am at the
Perkins County Courthouse in Bison.
The Pledge of Allegiance was recited.
Approval of Agenda
Ottman moved and Besler seconded to
approve the agenda as presented, mo-
tion carried.
Ottman moved, Foster seconded to ap-
prove the minutes of the November 12,
2013 regular meeting, motion carried.
Monthly Reports
•Finance Officers Account with the
Deputy Finance Officer - To the Hon-
orable Board of County Commissioners
Perkins County: I hereby submit the
following report of my examination of
the cash and cash items in the hands
of the Deputy Finance Officer of this
County as of November 30, 2013,
Sylvia Chapman, Finance Officer,
Perkins County. Total amount of de-
posits in banks $46,188.77, total
amount of actual cash $150.69; In-
sured Money Market $2,333,526.09;
Dakota Plains Federal Credit Union
membership fee $10.04; Certificates of
Deposit $500,001.00; South Dakota
FIT $101,495.23; Total $2,981,371.82.
The total represents state, county,
schools, cities and township funds,
which will be transferred to each en-
tity of government after being appor-
•Sheriff ’s fees in the amount of
$198.76 were reviewed.
•Register of Deed’s fees in the
amount of $1,437.00 were reviewed.
•Sheriff ’s car logs were reviewed.
•Motor Vehicle fees for the month of
November were reviewed.
Resolution 2013-14 Plat Approval
Henderson moved, Foster seconded to
approve Resolution 2013-14 Plat of Lot
1 of the Hedstrom Ranch Addition to
Perkins County, South Dakota, roll call
vote: Besler aye, Foster aye, Hender-
son aye, Ottman aye, Schweitzer aye,
motion carried.
Resolution 2013-14
Plat of Lot 1 of the Hed-
strom Ranch Addition to
Perkins County, South
Be it resolved by the County
Commission of Perkins
County, South Dakota, that
the Plat of Lot 1 of the Hed-
strom Ranch Addition to
Perkins County, South
Dakota located in the
N1/2NE1/4 of Section 31
Township 21 North, Range
13 East of the BHM, County
of Perkins, State of South
Dakota, having been exam-
ined, is hereby approved in
accordance with the provi-
sions of South Dakota Com-
piled Law, Chapter 11-3, and
any amendments thereof.
Lemmon Area Roadway Recon-
struction Phase – Engineering
Discussion was held on the Engineer-
ing contract for the Lemmon Area
Roadway Reconstruction Project.
Ottman moved, Henderson seconded
to approve the contract for engineering
design services with HDR Engineering
Services for the Railway Street Recon-
struction estimated to be $55,294.88,
motion carried.
10:30 Surplus Property Sale
Per advertisement, 10:30 was the time
and the Perkins County Commissioner
Room was the place for the sale of
Perkins County’s surplus property.
•Lemmon Original Blk 6 Lot 3 - One
bid was received from Lynn Storm for
Lemmon Original Blk 6 Lot 3 in the
amount of $879. Ottman moved, Fos-
ter seconded to accept the bid from
Lynn Storm in the amount of $879 for
Lemmon Original Blk 6 Lot 3, motion
•1980 Intl Truck: A lone bid of $500
was received from Gene Smith in the
amount of $500. Foster moved, Hen-
derson seconded to accept Gene
Smith’s lone bid of $500, motion car-
•1974 Chevy: Bill Penfield - $200;
Leroy Yotter - $100; Scott Storm - $56;
Frank Vetter - $250; Larry Carr - $280.
Besler moved, Foster seconded to ac-
cept the high bid of $280 from Larry
Carr, motion carried.
•1990 Chevy: Bill Penfield - $200;
Larry Carr $260; Scott Storm -
$257.00; Leroy Yotter - $250.00. Hen-
derson moved, Ottman seconded to ac-
cept the high bid of $260 from Larry
Carr, motion carried.
•1993 Ford Tractor: A lone bid of
$780 was received from Larry Carr.
Henderson moved, Ottman seconded
to reject the lone bid of $780 from
Larry Carr, motion carried.
Highway Department
•The Town of Bison no longer is in-
terested in putting a culvert on 5th Ave
•Pricing for grinding, graveling and
chip sealing will be addressed in the
spring when the costs are more accu-
•Juell Chapman, Chairman of the
Town Board of Bison, reported that
Bison has received Community Access
Funds in the amount of $193,500 to be
used for improvements to Coleman Av-
enue. This street is currently deeded
to Perkins County and Bison has re-
quested assistance in repairing it. Dis-
cussion was held on proceeding with
the project.
•Henderson moved, seconded to
give Highway Foreman Duane Holt-
gard a $500 bonus per month while
serving as the highway superintend-
ent, motion carried.
•Todd Fink was present to request
permission to purchase gravel from the
Karnen pit to be used for a private
driveway. Permission was granted.
•Foster moved, Besler seconded to
reimburse Warren VanWyk $765 for
road blading on Duck Creek Road, roll
call vote: Foster aye, Henderson ab-
stained due to conflict of interest,
Ottman aye, Besler aye, Schweitzer
nay, motion carried.
•Discussion was held on some
FEMA projects due to Storm Atlas.
•Permission was granted for the
Highway Office to move to the old con-
ference room.
•Foreman Holtgard reviewed the
Highway Maintenance Report with the
Commission. Discussion was held on
purchasing a tire machine.
•Holtgard requested internet access
in the shop. West River Telephone will
be contacted to provide internet service
to the shop.
•Holtgard will contact Chapman’s
Electronics to repair the radios and re-
•Discussion was held on the Mack
Trucks the Commission made a motion
to purchase on September 3, 2013.
Foster moved, Henderson seconded to
cancel the order for the second Mack
Truck, motion carried. Foster moved,
Ottman seconded to piggyback off of
Brookings County bid for the equip-
ment for the Mack Truck, motion car-
•Discussion was held on the fact
that the County fuel pump is obsolete.
They were able to find a part to keep it
running for now, but it may be some-
thing that needs to be replaced in the
•Holtgard would like the County to
purchase winter gear for the highway
department. He was told to check on
Forest Service
Curtis Glasoe, Russ Walsh and Mary
Haase were present to review Forest
Service completed projects and the fu-
ture road plans for 2014 (Schedule A).
Malcolm McKillop – ASBSD Health
Malcolm McKillop was present to visit
with the Commission concerning the
Health Care Plan. Besler moved,
Ottman seconded to renew at the 15%
increase with adjustments to be made
in January, motion carried.
CHN Contract
Foster moved, Besler seconded to ap-
prove the Community Health Nurse
Contract with the State of South
Dakota for 2014, motion carried.
Smoky’s Bar & Grill Liquor Li-
cense Renewal
Foster moved, Ottman seconded to ap-
prove the renewal of Smoky’s Bar &
Grill Liquor License #RL-7800, motion
Christmas Eve
Besler moved, Ottman seconded to fol-
low the State policy and grant the full
day on December 24th as a leave day,
motion carried.
December Second Meeting Date
Besler moved, Foster seconded to set a
special meeting on December 30, 2013
at 10:00 am, motion carried.
Year-End Bonuses
Henderson moved, Ottman seconded
to thank Perkins County employees for
their dedication and hard work this
past year and to grant the full-time
employees a $300 year-end bonus (pro-
rated for new employees), L Carda
$150 and Alan McGinnis and jailers
$50 year-end bonus, motion carried.
Courthouse Hours
Henderson moved, Ottman seconded
to continue with the courthouse hours
of 7:30 – 5:00 Monday through Thurs-
day and 7:30 – 12:00 noon on Fridays,
motion carried.
Leave Time Discussion
Discussion was held on whether ap-
pointed officials should be required to
keep track of their leave time and ac-
crue vacation. They currently do not
accrue leave time and are not compen-
sated for any overtime hours they put
in. No action was taken.
Contingency Transfer
Foster moved, Ottman seconded to
make the following transfer from con-
tingency: Coroner budget - $2100 and
Domestic Abuse - $100, motion carried.
Kelly Serr
Kelly Serr addressed the Pre-Disaster
Mitigation Plan. The Pre-Disaster
Mitigation Plan is five years old and
requires an update. Black Hills Coun-
cil of Local Governments has indicated
that they would apply for a grant from
the SD Office of Emergency Manage-
ment to help pay for the cost of the up-
date. This grant is a 75%/25% match
grant. The estimated total is $12,500
with $9,375 coming from FEMA and
$3,125 from Perkins County. Hender-
son moved, Besler seconded to author-
ize Chairman Schweitzer as signatory
on letter of commitment as participat-
ing jurisdiction in Perkins County
Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation
Planning, motion carried. Serr re-
quested a Resolution of Appointment
be passed. Ottman moved, Henderson
seconded to introduce and approve
Resolution 2013-15 “Appointment of
Applicant Agent for the Hazard Miti-
gation Grant Program”, roll call vote:
Henderson aye, Ottman aye, Besler
aye, Foster aye, Schweitzer, aye, mo-
tion carried.
Resolution 2013-15
For the Hazard Mitigation
Grant Program (HMGP)
WHEREAS, Perkins County
is submitting a Hazard Miti-
gation Grant project to the
Federal Emergency Manage-
ment Agency and the State
of South Dakota; and
WHEREAS, Perkins County
is required to appoint an Ap-
plicant Agent for the purpose
of signing documents and as-
suring the completion of all
application documents;
RESOLVED that the
Perkins County Commission
appoints Kelly Serr (Emer-
gency Manager) as the au-
thorized Applicant Agent.
The following claims were presented
and approved for payment: October
payroll: 78,520.64; IRS, fica, 4,868.25;
SD Retirement, retirement, 5,042.18;
Delta Dental, insurance, 1,080.40; Lin-
coln Mutual, insurance, 145.44; SDS-
DBF, insurance, 18,391.58; A&B
Business, supplies, 216.54; A+ Repair,
maintenance, 106.15; Bison Courier,
publishing, 187.04; Bison Food, sup-
plies, 5.39; Bison Implement,
repairs/suppl, 2,646.51; BL Contract-
ing, road repairs, 7,568.40; Butler Ma-
chinery, repairs, 411.38; Chapman’s
Electronics, supplies, 146.87; Clinical
Lab of BH, prof fees, 1,602.00; Country
Media, publishing, 192.25; Crane,
Roseland, Hardy, ct appt atty, 1,222.00;
Current Connection, supplies/maint,
534.39; Dakota Business, supplies,
37.16; Dale’s Tire, supplies, 1,384.88;
Eido Printing, publishing, 19.00; Exec-
utive Mgmt Finance, supplies, 5.61;
G&O Paper, supplies, 1,047.90; R Ger-
bracht, supplies, 36.02; Grand Electric,
utilities/suppl, 1,533.25; Hamand Tire,
maintenance, 22.00; Heartland Paper,
supplies, 69.43; Terry Hoffman, road
repair, 1,150.00; IAAO, registration,
175.00; Jacqueline Perli Reporting, ct
reporting, 50.00; Jenner Equipment,
repairs, 136.81; John Deere, repairs,
166.86; K&R Auto Body, repairs,
101.60; KBJM, publishing, 162.30;
Lemmon EMT, mileage, 1,236.66; Lit-
tle Falls Machine, repairs, 1,820.58;
Lodgepole Store, utilities, 975.00;
Matheson Tri-Gas, repairs, 122.24;
Meade County, jail board, 1,485.00;
National Sheriffs’ Assn, dues, 52.00;
NW Farm & Home Supply, supplies,
90.99; S Penfield, rent, 400.00; Penor
Texaco, repairs, 13.00; Pharmchem
Inc, supplies, 121.60; Pitney Bowes,
maintenance, 410.31; Prairie Commu-
nity Health, prof fees, 234.00; Premier
Equipment-Mobridge, repairs, 100.94;
Premier Equipment-Isabel, repairs,
1,363.18; E Preszler, chemical rebate,
65.31; Rosenau Enterprises, road re-
pairs, 3,960.00; SBM, maintenance,
19.35; K Schumacher, mileage, 342.62;
SD Dept of Health, CHN qtly
pymt/blood testing, 1,685.00; SD Dept
of Labor, unemployment, 186.34; Ser-
vall Uniform, supplies, 62.60; Sheehan
Mack, repairs, 3,142.96; Tennant’s
Auto, maintenance, 50.28; Tessier’s
Inc, repairs, 1,252.56; Town of Bison,
utilities, 189.19; Truenorth Steel, sup-
plies, 21,711.64; K Van Slooten, chem-
ical rebate, 36.78; W VanWyk, prof fees
– 765.00; Verizon Wireless, utilities,
240.08; VISA, travel, 503.59; West
Group, law books, 625.89; WR Tele-
phone, utilities, 1,116.18.
Foster moved, Ottman seconded to ad-
journ the meeting at 2:45 p.m., motion
carried. The Commission will hold a
special meeting on Monday, December
30th at 10:00 am at the Perkins
County Courthouse. The next regular
meeting of the Perkins County Com-
mission will be held on Tuesday, Janu-
ary 7, 2014 at 10:00 am at the Perkins
County Courthouse.
Sylvia Chapman, Finance Officer
Mike Schweitzer, Chairman
[Published December 26, 2013 at a
total approximate cost of $154.34.]
January 13, 2014
7:00 p.m.
Pledge of Allegiance
Call to Order
Consent Agenda
Approve Agenda
Financial Reports
Approval of Claims –
Delegations –
Northwest Area Schools Special Edu-
cation Cooperative report – Dan
Retirement –
Date of Board retreat Thursday Jan.
16th at 6PM
Set a date for election –
Superintendent evaluation-
Executive Session–
Superintendent Report – Marilyn
Motion to Adjourn --
[Published December 26, 2013 at a
total approximate cost of $15.17.]
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 17
Cardinals stomp Takini 65 to 43
Sydney Arneson, Kimberly Peck, Kayley Johnson and Madison Hulm look on as Lenae McKinstry shoots a free throw. The B
game was Bison 48, Takini 13.
USDA/ Far m
Service Agency
The Dewey, Meade, Perkins &
Ziebach County FSA offices
would like to keep you informed
of the following items important
to USDA programs. If you have
any questions please contact the
Dewey County office at 865-3522
ext 2, Meade County at 347-4952
ext 2, Perkins at 244-5222 ext 2
or Ziebach County at 365-5179
ext 2.
The FSA office would like to
wish you all a Merry Christmas
and a Happy New Year! We look
forward to working with you in
Acreage Reporting Dates
for 2014
Producers now have until Jan-
uary 15, 2014, to report crops
that have a November 15, 2013,
or December 15, 2013, reporting
deadline without paying a late
file fee. Crops under this waiver
include winter wheat, rye and na-
tive and improved grasses in-
tended for grazing or haying. The
Risk Management Agency (RMA)
did not grant a waiver so produc-
ers need to consult their crop in-
surance agent for deadlines for
insured crops.
Winter officially arrived Satur-
day and it sure feels like it. It was
17 degrees below Friday morning,
zero on Saturday morning with
snow, and 5 below Sunday morn-
ing. Let’s hope winter doesn’t
bring us the same kind of nasty
weather we had this fall!
I drove to Pierre Sunday after-
noon after the Christmas pro-
gram and “pot blessing” dinner at
Slim Buttes Lutheran for what
we thought was going to be the
last Executive Board meeting on
Monday. After dealing with a full
agenda and the search for a new
director for the Legislative Re-
search Council, we decided to
meet again January 13th, the day
before the start of the 2014 ses-
While I was in Pierre I got an
emergency dispatch message on
my cell phone about someone in-
jured by a cow just north of our
ranch. Driving four hours to get
to the scene of the accident wasn’t
possible, so I had to wait to get
home to find out that Kenny
Kvanvig was helping at Valloffs
when a cow took him and
smashed him up pretty bad.
Kenny is in the Hettinger hospi-
tal with eight busted ribs and a
punctured lung, but thankfully
he is improving. Please keep him
in your prayers.
Jim and Kent Wilkinson came
to help Reub, Casey and Taz set
rafters on the new shed on Mon-
day and Tuesday. They had a cou-
ple beautiful days to work outside
and they got all the rafters up.
Tuesday I drove to Spearfish
for the directors meeting at the
High Plains Western Heritage
Center. One of the volunteers at
the Heritage Center is a rock
hound, so I took a couple rocks
and three fossils along to see if
Dave could identify them for me.
The two rocks from Kenny and
Mindy Messer’s pasture are pet-
rified wood covered with calcite
and quartz. The fossils were some
that my father had found back in
the 1950s when he was working
on his uranium claims in the
Slim Buttes. One fossil was a
complete clam encased in rock
that formed around it and pro-
tected it from the elements. The
second fossil was a dinosaur ver-
tebra that Heritage director John
Nelson, a chiropractor from
Spearfish, diagnosed as having
scoliosis, and the third fossil is a
huge tooth from a mammoth!
Next meeting I plan to take down
the ancient buffalo skull Casey
dug out of a side hill when he was
spraying weeds to see if David
can give me an idea of how old it
It was almost 50 degrees on
Wednesday, so Reub, Casey and
Taz got a bunch of the sheeting
put on before it got too cold to
work outside. Wednesday evening
we all went to Buffalo to watch
Bryce and the rest of the Harding
County drama class perform
“Parents Just Don’t Understand”.
There are some really good actors
and actresses in that class. Good
job kids!
Alvin Heupel, 76, passed away
at the Western Horizons Care
Center in Hettinger on December
14. His funeral was Friday at the
United Methodist Church in Het-
tinger. Alvin was the oldest of 13
children and grew up on the farm
southwest of Bison where I at-
tended school with several of his
siblings. His family has our sym-
We have a lot of fans of Duck
Dynasty in this neighborhood
and they are pretty upset with
A&E kicking Phil Robertson off
the show for what they consid-
ered to be his “politically incor-
rect” Christian views of sin and
for paraphrasing quotes from the
Bible. The PC crowd is all for tol-
erance and freedom of speech, un-
less they happen to disagree with
It was refreshing to hear sev-
eral of the employees at WalMart
wish their customers Merry
Christmas the last time I
shopped there. I’m sick of hearing
Happy Holidays at Christmas
time. To avoid the risk of offend-
ing folks who don’t agree with
me, I’ll leave you with this:
For my Politically Correct lib-
eral friends: Please accept with
no obligation, implied or implicit,
our best wishes for an environ-
mentally conscious, socially re-
sponsible, low-stress,
non-addictive, gender-neutral cel-
ebration of the winter solstice
holiday, practiced within the most
enjoyable traditions of the reli-
gious persuasion of your choice,
or secular practices of your
choice, with respect for the reli-
gious/secular persuasion and/or
traditions of others, or their
choice not to practice religious or
secular traditions at all.
We also wish you a fiscally suc-
cessful, personally fulfilling and
medically uncomplicated recogni-
tion of the generally accepted cal-
endar year 2014, but not without
due respect for the calendars of
choice of other cultures whose
contributions to society have
helped make America great. Not
to imply that America is neces-
sarily greater than any other
country nor the only America in
the Western Hemisphere. And
without regard to the race, creed,
color, age, physical ability, reli-
gious faith or sexual preference of
the wishes.
By accepting these greetings
you are accepting these terms.
This greeting is subject to clarifi-
cation or withdrawal. It is freely
transferable with no alteration to
the original greeting. It implies
no promise by the wisher to actu-
ally implement any of the wishes
for her/himself or others, and is
void where prohibited by law and
is revocable at the sole discretion
of the wisher. This wish is war-
ranted to perform as expected
within the usual application of
good tidings for a period of one
year or until the issuance of a
subsequent holiday greeting,
whichever comes first, and war-
ranty is limited to replacement of
this wish or issuance of a new
wish at the sole discretion of the
And to all my other friends:
Merry Christmas and a Happy
New Year!!
Grand River Roundup ............................................... By Betty Olson
18 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
Gun Show
GUN SHOW: Dakota Territory
Gun Collector’s Association An-
nual Winter BISMARCK Gun
Show. Saturday, January 18, 9
a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday, January
19, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. BISMARCK
trance A. Roger Krumm 701-336-
7533 or 701-851-0129.
Advertising Rates:
DISPLAY ADS: $4.70 per column inch.
CLASSIFIED ADS: $5.90 for 30 words; 10¢ for each word
thereafter. $2.00 billing charge applies.
THANK YOU'S: $5.90 for 30 words; 10¢ for each word
thereafter. $2.00 billing charge applies.
HIGHLIGHTS & HAPPENINGS: $5.90 minimum or $3.10
per column inch. $2.00 billing charge applies.
HAPPY ADS: With or Without Picture: $15.00 minimum or
$4.50 per column inch.
BIRTH ANNOUNCEMENT: $41.00 for a 2x7 ad.
Legal Deadline is Friday at NOON! Ad Deadline is Monday
at NOON! 244-7199 or courier@sdplains.com
NORTHLAND AUTO, an aggres-
sive, growing auto dealership and
service center which is seeking an
Experience and/or technical edu-
cation preferred. Northland of-
fers competitive wage/benefit
package. Stop or call Dennis for
more information. Northland
Auto Center, 310 E. Hwy. 12,
Webster, SD 57274, 605-345-
6272, EOE.
ton, ND is seeking a qualified
General Manager. This is a
BNSF grain shuttle loading facil-
ity and full service agronomy and
energy operation with sales of
$100 million with three locations.
Grain, agronomy, energy, and
service as well as financial and
personal management experience
required. Email:
larry.fuller@chsinc.com or fax
(888-653-5527) resume to: Larry
Fuller, 5213 Shoal Drive, Bis-
marck ND 58503.
is seeking candidates for Super-
intendent of Schools. Candidate
needs proper certification, strong
educational leadership with effec-
tive communication and interper-
sonal skills. Contact Dr. Randall
Royer rroyer@asbsd.org or 605-
773-2500. Closes January 29,
THE CITY OF ONIDA is seeking
a public works employee. Full
Time, with benefits. Employ-
ment contingent upon pre-em-
ployment physical. Call
& CNA’s, top weekly pay, direct
deposit, & flexible schedules.
Take control of your schedule
with Tri-State Nursing. Apply on-
line today.
www.tristatenursing.com 800-
w/16’X80’ 1998 Trailer, 16’x16’
edition, 3 bed/2 bath, steel roof, 2
wells, barn, steel arena w/round
pen, 2 decks. 605-212-7702/605-
1997 JD 8300 tractor, 6,000 hrs.
AND 1995 JD 7200 16-row, 30-
inch spacing planter w/starter
fertilizer tanks. Call 605-280-
4641, Presho, SD.
representing Golden Eagle Log
Homes, building in eastern, cen-
tral, northwestern South & North
Dakota. Scott Connell, 605-530-
2672, Craig Connell, 605-264-
5 6 5 0 ,
statewide for only $150.00. Put
the South Dakota Statewide
Classifieds Network to work for
you today! (25 words for $150.
Each additional word $5.)
Call this newspaper or 800-658-
3697 for details.
owner operators, freight from
Midwest up to 48 states, home
regularly, newer equipment,
Health, 401K, call Randy, A&A
Express, 800-658-3549.
CITY OF PLATTE is seeking pro-
posals from qualified firms to as-
sist City with designing,
engineering and constructing
new Aquatic Facility for commu-
nity. Copy of request for propos-
als available by contacting City of
Platte, Shauna Meyerink Fi-
nance Officer, 605-337-3921. Pro-
posals shall be returned to City
Office on or before February 3,
2014, at which time review
process will begin.
JUNK 1 now paying cash for
semis, gravel trucks, farm trucks,
road graders, caterpillars,
garbage trucks and heavy equip-
ment. Paying Cash, call Scott
Dr. Jason M. Hafner
Dr. David J. Prosser
Faith Clinic
1st & 3rd Wed. of the month
Buffalo Clinic
2nd & 4th Wed. of the month
The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013 • 19
Piggy Drawings
December 20
Rachel Eggebo, Bison
Laine Reisenauer,
Bismarck $25.00
DECEMBER 28, 2013
20 • The Bison Courier • Thursday, December 26, 2013
Shannon Veal
Veal Haygrinding
Larry Veal
The U.S. Department of Agri-
culture (USDA) Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service
(APHIS) announced its proposal
to allow the importation of cattle
and fresh beef from 14 states in
Brazil, a country that had been
plagued with the most contagious
disease known to cattle - foot-
and-mouth-disease (FMD).
Brazil's cattle herd - at 183 mil-
lion - is more than twice the size
of the U.S. cattle herd and is re-
ported to be growing.
APHIS states that domestic
cattle prices are expected to de-
cline under its proposal:
•"The fall in beef prices and re-
sulting decline in U.S. production
would translate into reduced re-
turns for producers in the live-
stock and beef processing
sectors," APHIS states in its pro-
posed rule.
APHIS further acknowledges
that a risk remains for the intro-
duction of FMD into the 14 states
the agency wants to certify as el-
igible to export to the United
"APHIS concluded that as long
as FMD is endemic in the overall
region in South America, there is
a risk of reintroduction from ad-
jacent areas into the proposed ex-
porting region," admitted the
In 2011, Paraguay, which bor-
ders Brazil, reported an outbreak
of FMD and a Brazilian journal-
ist reported that after the out-
break, Paraguayan cattle were
crossing freely into Brazil along a
254-mile stretch of the border
and further reported no inspec-
tion crews at two border cross-
Just one year ago, the United
States learned that Brazil had
failed for two years to provide no-
tification that it had detected a
cow with bovine spongiform en-
cephalopathy (BSE) that had died
in 2010.
"APHIS' proposed rule is irre-
sponsible and will wreak havoc
on the economy of Rural America
that is certain to be harmed both
by falling cattle prices and the in-
creased risk of disease introduc-
tion," said R-CALF USA CEO Bill
"APHIS' action is particularly ill-
timed given the devastation that
Blizzard Atlas recently caused to
a wide swath of U.S. cattle oper-
ations, where tens of thousands
of domestic cattle were killed.
Lower cattle prices caused by the
proposed rule will make recovery
much more difficult for the thou-
sands of cattle producers who lost
livestock during the killer bliz-
zard," Bullard added.
"It is clear that APHIS is kow-
towing to Brazilian-based JBS,
the world's largest transnational
meatpacker that wants to import
higher-risk cattle and beef into
the United States without regard
to the wellbeing of the U.S. cattle
industry and the safety of U.S.
consumers," Bullard concluded.
USDA prepares to break U.S. cattle market
with cheaper, higher risk Brazilian Imports
Weather Wise
One year ago
Hi 28 Lo 2
Dec. 21 NA
Dec. 22 NA
Dec. 17 33 17
Dec. 18 46 26
Dec. 19 34 -1
Data colleted by Grand Electric Co-op, Inc.

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